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Specific Learning Disabilities

What are they?

The terms “learning disorder” (used by the medical community) and “specific learning disability” (used by the schools) refer to a neurodevelopmental problem in which a child of normal intellectual potential (that is, a child does not have an Intellectual Disability) is encountering unusual difficulty with their academic functioning that cannot be explained by inadequate educational opportunity or emotional or sensory disabilities.


These problems can become apparent at any point in a child’s development and may have different symptoms at different ages.

Boston Children's Hospital

Common Learning Disabilities

Young Black Boy with ADHD


ADHD causes persons to have a hard time paying attention to one task.

Unfocused College Student


APD causes a disconnect between the brain interprets sounds heard.

Image of confused numbers


Dysgraphia causes issues with writing, whereas dyscalculia makes it hard to learn numbers.

Kids Stacking Blocks


Autism causes obsessive behaviours and social exclusion from an early age.

Black woman with Visual Processing Disorder


VPDs cause an issue with how the brain interprets visual symbols, like signs and shapes. 

Young girl trying to read a book dilligently


Dyslexia makes it hard for persons to read, because they can't correctly interpret words.


Calendar Events
Useful Resources
Dyslexia Fact Sheet Graphic

Dyslexia Infographic

Dyscalculia Fact Sheet Graphic

Dyscalculia Infographic


“When my son was diagnosed with dyslexia by Mrs Natasha Gray at Spark Learning I was very worried that he would never be able to read. He was struggling in school and I was worried he would always be behind his expected academic level. Today however I am happy  to say since his reading intervention camp at Spark Learning  the improvement in his reading has me filled with hope that one day he will read accurately if not fluently.


Natasha’s multi-sensory techniques were just what my son needed to help him to decode the words on the page allowing him to read.

My husband and I also attended the dyslexia workshop put on by Spark learning and our eyes were opened to the challenges persons with dyslexia experience. It was an emotional moment for me but it allowed to put myself in my son’s shoes and I am more patient with him when we read together. I can’t thank Natasha and her team enough for bringing my son to the point where he actually enjoys reading at least sometimes😊” 

Dr. Margaret O'Shea

Surgeon, Queen Elizabeth Hospital


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