Specific Learning Disabilities

What are they?

The terms “learning disorder” (used by the medical community) and “specific learning disability” (used by the schools) refer to a neurodevelopmental problem in which a child of normal intellectual potential (that is, a child does not have an Intellectual Disability) is encountering unusual difficulty with their academic functioning that cannot be explained by inadequate educational opportunity or emotional or sensory disabilities.


These problems can become apparent at any point in a child’s development and may have different symptoms at different ages.

Boston Children's Hospital

Common Learning Disabilities


ADHD causes persons to have a hard time paying attention to one task.


APD causes a disconnect between the brain interprets sounds heard.


Dysgraphia causes issues with writing, whereas dyscalculia makes it hard to learn numbers.


Autism causes obsessive behaviours and social exclusion from an early age.


VPDs cause an issue with how the brain interprets visual symbols, like signs and shapes. 


Dyslexia makes it hard for persons to read, because they can't correctly interpret words.


Calendar Events
  • Developing Special Education Needs (SEN) Policy and Procedures
    Jamaica Conference Centre
    Dec 22, 2018, 11:00 AM – 2:00 PM
    Jamaica Conference Centre, 14-20 Port Royal St, Kingston, Jamaica
  • The Dyslexia Experience - Barbados
    Lloyd Erskine Sandiford Centre
    Nov 23, 2018, 7:00 PM – 10:00 PM
    Lloyd Erskine Sandiford Centre, Lloyd Erskine Sandiford Centre, Government Hill, Bridgetown, Barbados
Useful Resources

Dyslexia Infographic

Dyscalculia Infographic


“When my son was diagnosed with dyslexia by Mrs Natasha Gray at Spark Learning I was very worried that he would never be able to read. He was struggling in school and I was worried he would always be behind his expected academic level. Today however I am happy  to say since his reading intervention camp at Spark Learning  the improvement in his reading has me filled with hope that one day he will read accurately if not fluently.


Natasha’s multi-sensory techniques were just what my son needed to help him to decode the words on the page allowing him to read.

My husband and I also attended the dyslexia workshop put on by Spark learning and our eyes were opened to the challenges persons with dyslexia experience. It was an emotional moment for me but it allowed to put myself in my son’s shoes and I am more patient with him when we read together. I can’t thank Natasha and her team enough for bringing my son to the point where he actually enjoys reading at least sometimes😊” 

Dr. Margaret O'Shea

Surgeon, Queen Elizabeth Hospital



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